Executive Summary

For companies (i.e. oil and gas industry) that run continuously, shutdowns and outages use up a majority of maintenance and capital budgets. By its very nature, the shutdown is \\\"fat.\\\" The reason for this is the skewed balance between downtime expenses and the cost of shutdown resources. Shutdowns are also fat because of an attitude that includes worrying about the budget when it\\\'s over. You want to improve shutdown events without compromising safety or environmental security. You should perform safe steps, use correct parts, material, tools, supplies, adequate equipment for lifting, bending, drilling, Personal-protective equipment, proper permits and lock outs. 


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